Law is a systematic system of rules developed and enforced by governmental or civic organizations to regulate conduct, with an exactitude of its definition usually a matter of prolonged debate. It was differentially defined as the science and art of civil law. In general, the law is defined as a body of knowledge developed over time about duties and responsibilities, the scope of human rights, and the effectiveness of remedies for wrongs. A lawyer can be regarded as a person who prepares a case for the court or acts as an attorney defending it. The practice of law started from the ancient times and was followed by some succeeding systems of law developed in Europe after the decline of the Roman rule.
Jurisprudence is the body of judicial legislation compiled, enacted, and upheld by the courts. Judicial law is supreme in the country and any law that is judicially enacted is binding on all citizens even though the legislature may not propose such law. Judicature consists of five benches of judges namely the highest court of appeal, the circuit court, the court of appeals, the supreme court, and the court of criminal appeals. Judiciaries are empowered to enforce any laws passed by the legislature by issuing orders, writs, and rulings.
Every law has an objective which determine the meaning of the law, as well as the resources that are employed in enforcing it. Each of the courts has the power to enforce laws that were enacted by the legislative bodies, or which have been adjudicated by the courts, either by a panel of three judges or by a single judge. The role of the courts is to interpret the laws and the powers conferred upon them by the legislature.
Civil law governs the private rights of individuals. Within civil law, there are three levels of courts: common law, statutory law, and circuit court. Civil law governs disputes between private parties and it involves disputes with government agencies, organizations, and individuals. Civil law can also include actions brought against the state. The powers and procedures of the courts are derived from the U.S. Constitution and the laws enacted by state legislatures. A common law court is created by statute and is subject to supervision by other jurisdictions.
There are various branches of the judicial system. Within the states, the supreme court, the lower Federal courts, and bankruptcy courts are the supreme courts. Within the country, there are state, county, and federal courts. There are also things like common law courts, which deal with matters not covered by other jurisdictions’ courts. Within the United States, the system of checks and balances ensures that the courts cannot become too powerful for the governed. There are several checks and balances including an adversarial system, requiring attorneys to appear before a judge in order to take a case, requiring briefs to be filed with the court, and trial before the judge.
The U.S. government controls all the courts within its jurisdiction. All laws passed by the legislative branch are also controlled by the federal government. Because of this, the federal government is very much involved in the regulation and enforcement of the legal system. Many times, when a person has been charged with a crime, they will first seek representation with the local courthouse to see if their rights have been violated. If they are found guilty, they will then proceed to the federal courthouse to make their argument. When they get to the federal courts, their arguments will be evaluated by the federal courts and ultimately decided on whether or not they should be granted relief.